So you are done writing your research paper and going to submit it, you must have researched a lot about the topic you are writing, from the internet or books and you are all set to submit it? But there is one step you are missing. And now you might be wondering what plagiarism is and what are the types of plagiarism in research writing?
Don’t worry we have covered you all.
What is PLAGIARISM?
Presenting someone else’s ideas, thoughts, information, or other work without giving them credit is called plagiarism. In research writing, many types of plagiarism are not at all ethical and you might even attract some illegalities for you, and trust me you don’t want that.
It’s like you have worked your entire life to publish a book or manuscript and someone steals it without giving you credit and presents it to the world as their work. How would you feel? For this same reason, plagiarism is unethical because by doing plagiarism you are not only taking the credit f someone else’s work but also their success.
And to write a plagiarism-free research paper you need to know the types of plagiarism which can affect your research paper.
Types of plagiarism in research writing
- Clone/ Global plagiarism – when you use someone else’s entire work without even changing anything and without giving proper quotation and citation and presenting it as your own it is. It is the most serious type of plagiarism and is also known as Intellectual Theft and Stealing.
- Paraphrasing – when you take someone else’s work and change some words here and there to make it look like yours without citation is known as paraphrasing plagiarism.
To avoid paraphrasing read the original content and write it in your language with a different structure of explanation without changing the meaning of original content and cite it.
- Verbatim (copy and paste)– in today’s world everything is available on the internet and when we write a research paper we research the internet a lot and in that process, we tend to directly copy and paste the sentence, thoughts, ideas from different sources as it is without changing it and present it as yours is known as verbatim plagiarism.
- Mosaic plagiarism – when we take sentence or content etc., from different sources and slightly change the wordings with the same structure as the old one, it is mosaic plagiarism
It is a little bit difficult to catch these kinds of plagiarism but many tools can easily identify it.
- Self-plagiarism – when you present or copy from your previous works or try to mix your previous work with newer or present same work in different classes it is self-plagiarism and is also known as auto plagiarism.
If you are using your previous work you should first take permission from all the people who are involved in checking the work and cite it properly
- Accidental plagiarism – when you unintentionally use other’s ideas thoughts or misquote some sentences or anything and it matches with someone’s work it is accidental plagiarism
There are two categories of plagiarism which are intentional or unintentional plagiarism. Types of plagiarism we have read come under intentional and accidental plagiarism come under unintentional plagiarism.
It’s good to know the types of plagiarism but you should also know how to avoid them
- Do as much research as you can about the topic you are writing on not just from the internet but from books and most importantly from people who have knowledge and interest about the topic as it is good to take peoples opinion as different people have a different way of thinking.
- Start from scratch- after researching your topic start writing with what you have understood with all that research. Never try to copy or change someone else’s content.
- Be original with your content
- Say no to Ctrl C and Ctrl V
- Give reference to the source you are taking the information from and make a bibliography page at the end
- Always quote- when you are using some sentence from other’s content always quote it with quotation marks and the text or content should be identical to from the source also credit the author
- Paraphrase it – it is better to paraphrase the content as compared to quoting because then it would be clear that you have understood the content and you write it in your language which will impress your professor as well.
- Cite your paper
Tools that you can use to check whether your content is plagiarism-free or not
Is plagiarism a crime?
Plagiarism is not a crime but it is unethical and can be punishable depending on how much and what you have plagiarized
According to UGC, there is a penalty system for students as well as teachers applied on how much you have plagiarized
- Level 1 – 10% – there is no penalty at this level
- Level2 10% to 40% – in this the student is required to resubmit the manuscript or thesis and the faculty is forced to withdraw the plagiarized paper
- Level 3 40% to 60% – the student will be suspended for a year and there would be cut off one year in the raise of the faculty member and they will not be able to publish their paper or work for a minimum2 of years and they cannot supervise students for 2 years
- Level 4 60% or more – they will be removed from the course and their registration will be canceled and for the faculty, there would be cut for 2 years in the raise of the faculty member and they will not be able to publish their paper or work for minimum 3 years and they will not be able to supervise student for almost 3 years
We hope by using these methods and techniques you will be able to write a plagiarism-free paper and remember original content is always the key to success. And at academic guru we provide full guidance to you whether its thesis writing and plagiarism checking .It’s a one stop solution for all your worries